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Original PhD Blog

Find out the latest industry news from PhD requirements, the top programs, to PhD level study tips.

Seminal Presentations: How To Impress Reviewers

Presentation skills are crucial for all PhD students. Most universities expect you to present your intermediary doctoral dissertation results at least once per semester throughout your academic year. Additionally, the capability to impress your reviewers can largely determine the outcomes of your seminal presentation and affect your final grading. Unfortunately, most PhD students rarely get…

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How to Follow the Latest Developments in Your Field

As a PhD thesis writer, you are exposed to a variety of risks and contingencies hindering your academic journey or compromising your future success. On the one hand, your research topic must be novel and original to ensure that no similar studies are published within the 3-6 years of your doctoral programme. To make the…

Read More

5 Key Ways to Present Tables and Figures in a PhD Thesis

According to recent research, more than 65% of people are visual learners and predominantly use their visual channel to acquire and process information. Unfortunately, most students contacting us to use our writing services were not specifically informed by their supervisors about the influence of their tables and figures design on the readability of their doctoral…

Read More

Our Top 5 Viva Tips for Succeeding in Your PhD

PhD thesis writing is a long road at the end of which you will have to enter for a viva examination. Just like every PhD thesis, every viva is different, depending on the requirements of your university and examination panel. Still, you need to prepare academically and mentally to make a good impression and pass…

Read More

5 Well-Being Challenges Faced by PhD Students

PhD thesis writing is a daunting and lengthy process, during which students are likely to encounter some problems that might affect their emotional, physical, or mental well-being. In this article, we have a look at some of the biggest challenges that PhD students face. Potential solutions to these issues are also presented. 1. Mental health…

Read More

8 Tips for Structuring Your Relationship with Your Supervisor

The relationship between a PhD student and a supervisor plays a crucial role in the doctoral studies process. A good relationship with supervisors provide students with much-needed support through the struggles of research, whereas a poorly developed relationship can result in the supervisor being overly controlling or totally uninvolved. Here are some useful tips on…

Read More

5 Best Online Services for Keeping Track of Your References

Both regular students and professional writers providing phd writing services have to manage hundreds of references during the thesis writing process. Manually keeping track of all these sources can be extremely tiresome and ineffective. Below, you will find the 5 best online services that will optimise your reference management and will boost your productivity as…

Read More

8 Key Points to Remember When Interpreting Data in a PhD Thesis

Quality data analysis forms the basis of any PhD thesis and determines the capability of the researcher to address the posed research objectives and questions. Unfortunately, many students fail to succeed in becoming a PhD due to some common mistakes in this sphere. Below, you will find 8 key points to keep in mind when…

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Keeping It Short: Key Tips for Being Concise in PhD Writing

When writing an academic paper, let alone a PhD thesis, being clear and concise is key to success since you are not the only person who will read your work. You should avoid unnecessary words and sentences to help your reader get a better understanding of what you are trying to say in your PhD…

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How to Arrange an Effective PhD Writing Routine?

Thesis writing can be really daunting as doctoral students need to have certain things, including dedication, inspiration, and creativity to accomplish such a challenging task. However, having a writing routine is perhaps the most important thing you must have to become a productive PhD writer. Since all students are different in how they approach the…

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Seminal Presentations: How To Impress Reviewers

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Presentation skills are crucial for all PhD students. Most universities expect you to present your intermediary doctoral dissertation results at least once per semester throughout your academic year. Additionally, the capability to impress your reviewers can largely determine the outcomes of your seminal presentation and affect your final grading. Unfortunately, most PhD students rarely get proper guidance from their universities and supervisors on how they can improve the quality and readability of their papers for this purpose. The following recommendations provided by our PhD thesis writing experts have helped many of our clients to really connect with their readers and get good reviews of their projects.

What Do Reviewers Usually Look at?

Any reviewer has to identify the main strengths and weaknesses of the reviewed thesis. While well-written works rarely fail, any doctoral dissertation has its limitations that are subject to comments and criticisms. In a way, the process of their identification is similar to peer review in academic journals where staff members appraise both the novelty of the publication and the quality of its presentation. Let us look at some factors that frequently determine whether your readers’ reactions will be positive or negative:

  1. The reviewers rarely have a lot of time to thoroughly read through all parts of your thesis several times.
  2. This means that you must ensure that they can easily understand why your PhD project creates new knowledge in your area of interest.
  3. A reviewer needs to promptly identify the key limitations encountered by your project and the methodological instruments you utilised to overcome these limitations when addressing your research objectives.
  4. Many students excessively focus on reviewing the research of others in all sections of their works, which makes it difficult for readers to understand the relevance of their project and understand its uniqueness and novelty.

What Are the Most Common Problems with Seminal Presentations?

As a professional agency providing phd writing services for several decades, we are well aware of the fact that thesis writing needs to be focused on the reader rather than the writer. This means that under the hood processes such as data collection and processing, a review of prior studies, and other elements necessary for completing your doctoral dissertation are only interesting to you as the author. At the same time, your readers expect to get a quality draft that presents the results of all these activities in a coherent format as an output of all aforementioned activities described in the past tense. This requires the capability to:

  1. Distance yourself from your writing process and describe its results in the same impartial manner you would write a review of your fellow student’s work.
  2. Summarise the findings in the way highlighting their novelty and minimising the visibility of potentially weak areas of your research project.
  3. Avoid the intention to excessively focus on some parts of your draft you like best and see a ‘larger picture’ of individual sections as chapters of a book that should be interesting to read and present the main overarching argument.
  4. Perform multiple thesis revisions to see your work ‘with fresh eyes’ and be brave enough to implement substantial amendments in order to produce a high-quality text.

While these actions seem easy to perform, many of our clients order our PhD services after attempting to improve their drafts for weeks and even months to no avail. There is a good reason why even professional writers like Stephen King have editors who enjoy the absolute right to revise their manuscripts as they see fit. Good editing work is always performed from the position of the reader. Most authors can never avoid the bias of being overly attached to their drafts, which makes it difficult for them to remove or re-write some large sections of text that do not contribute to the resulting quality of presentation.

How Can Students Improve the Quality of Their Presentations?

From a practical standpoint, the aforementioned aspects imply the need to:

  1. Clearly explain why your contribution to your area of research is sufficient to award you with a PhD degree.
  2. Substantiate the suitability and relevance of your dissertation topic, research aim, objectives, and questions.
  3. Outline all methodological choices and activities while also comparing them against your predecessors to show how you have addressed their deficiencies and have closed the earlier identified research gaps.
  4. Structure your overall argument across all PhD dissertation chapters to achieve a good flow ensuring full understanding at first reading.
  5. Find the optimal balance between criticisms and presentation of findings.

The last point may be seen as a relatively complex concept since most students are told by their universities to be ‘critical’ and avoid ‘being descriptive’ in their writing. While this recommendation should not be completely discarded as overly generic, many practitioners take it too literally and forget to actually discuss their results and their novelty rather than criticise the findings of their predecessors. To avoid this pitfall, try to maintain a healthy balance between these two approaches in your dissertation. Discuss your results first in your Introduction and Findings sections and then compare them with earlier studies you revised in your Literature Review.

How to Follow the Latest Developments in Your Field

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As a PhD thesis writer, you are exposed to a variety of risks and contingencies hindering your academic journey or compromising your future success. On the one hand, your research topic must be novel and original to ensure that no similar studies are published within the 3-6 years of your doctoral programme. To make the right choices in this sphere at a proposal level, you need to be extremely competent in PhD thesis writing and perform an extensive analysis of secondary literature in the selected sphere. On the other hand, the latest industry developments may bring fresh ideas and allow you to enrich your doctoral dissertation in ways you could not expect during your first PhD year. These considerations inform the need to use several methods of monitoring the most significant trends in your field at all phases of your project. Here are the three best sources of information you can use for this purpose.

1. Online Libraries

Such libraries as ProQuest or the British Library EThOS platform allow you to monitor newly published secondary studies as well as doctoral research studies. Make it a habit to check 4-5 resources for new information on a monthly basis. In addition to the increasing general awareness in your sphere, this will inform you of other researchers investigating similar topics. Considering the need to publish PhD research studies, this knowledge may be helpful for finding new co-authors, reviewers or advisors in your professional sphere. At the same time, these activities can also be invaluable for improving the overall quality of your work by adding new references to your Literature Review and other sections and keeping your analysis of secondary literature up-to-date.

2. Professional Communities

If your phd is based on the analysis of practical problems in a certain industry, it may be beneficial to you to join a number of online communities in it or even seek part-time employment in this sphere. The world of academia is a fantastic place for learning more about the theoretical and methodological foundation of your project. However, practical experience may not be fully substituted by academic research. Join at least 5 online communities in your sphere and start building a network of professional contacts. If you help others with their problems while also openly discussing your own sphere of interest in research, chances are people will gladly share valuable information about the latest developments in your industry of interest or provide some emerging research opportunities.

3. Academic Conferences

Academic conferences are generally considered one of the best places for researchers to meet, discuss the latest developments in their field, and present the intermediary results of their projects in progress. These factors make this information source one of the best ones for PhD students. On the one hand, you can present your research publications and get valuable comments and suggestions regarding the improvement of your thesis. On the other hand, you can learn more about the new trends in your sphere of interest as well as other projects that may compromise the novelty of your findings.

How Can We Help You?

As a long-term provider of PhD writing services, we frequently become the fourth best source of information about the latest developments in most academic fields. With hundreds of successfully completed projects under our belt, we may be some of the best-informed people in academia in relation to the most interesting fields of study as well as the industry trends worth investigating in the following 3-5 years. In most cases, we will offer our clients a choice of multiple topics and research questions to choose from. This ensures that they will pursue the problems that they are personally interested in while also feeling certain that these issues have good originality and research potential.

5 Key Ways to Present Tables and Figures in a PhD Thesis

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According to recent research, more than 65% of people are visual learners and predominantly use their visual channel to acquire and process information. Unfortunately, most students contacting us to use our writing services were not specifically informed by their supervisors about the influence of their tables and figures design on the readability of their doctoral dissertations. While most PhD thesis writing guides provided by universities focus on the formatting aspects such as numbering rules or preferred font sizes, few of them specify how practitioners can improve the quality of their visuals to better present the results of their hard work. Below, you will find five practical recommendations shared by our expert writers on how you can make your figures and tables more appealing and significantly improve your work readability.

1. Use Custom Templates

Few things annoy thesis reviewers as much as dissertation formatting problems. Even if you thoroughly proofread your PhD draft, there is always a chance that the fonts in your tables or figures may vary across different sections or get accidentally changed during the editing process. The best way to eliminate this problem is to tackle it at its source. Create a custom template for all your text editing software and make it your default one in your system (for Microsoft Office you may need to replace the Normal.dotm file). This will ensure that:

  • All of your tables and figures share the same font type, size, and interval by default.
  • The same formatting is applied to all in-text visuals.
  • You can instantly apply your default settings to any pasted materials.
  • The same style is applied to all created documents. This is highly convenient if you prefer to work with different chapters individually.
tables and figures

2. Learn from the Greats

While our specialists have been involved in thesis writing and the provision of PhD writing services for many years, most students lack this level of expertise. This means that any formatting solutions you can think of will probably be less effective and visually appealing than the ones used by professional writers.

The key here is to ‘learn from the greats’. Start exploring free and paid templates for tables and figures available online. You can browse through hundreds of options in the premium section on the Microsoft website or use specialised services such as Canva. Your main goal is to find inspiring examples and use these ideas in your own dissertation.

Here are some visual elements you may want to pay attention to:

  • Figure and table design.
  • The placement of individual elements.
  • Colours used for highlighting specific sections.
  • The style and position of captions.
  • Optimal table size and footnotes placement.

3. Think about Readability

The main mistake made by inexperienced academic writers is the lack of attention paid to their readers. This problem is evident at many levels.

  1. The use of original variable names such as VAR00001 provided by SPSS or similar software in your final draft.
  2. The lack of captions for the analysed statistical factors provided within tables or figures.
  3. Excessive abbreviations that cannot be deciphered without reading the dissertation text.
  4. The utilised font size and colours making the captions in the figure or table difficult to read.

The best way to eliminate these problems is to use a fresh pair of eyes. Ask your fellow student or even your family members to look at some printed figures and tables from your PhD thesis. Then, ask them whether they could fully understand all their contents and main ideas. Repeat this process until you are certain that any random reader finds the information provided in your visuals sufficient for determining their main purpose.

4. Follow the One-Page Rule

Another good practice in this sphere is the ‘one-page rule’. It relies on printing all materials related to your table that fit within a single page and submitting them to a random reader. In most student drafts edited by our writers, the data presented in such figures and tables was extremely difficult to understand.

Working with your supervisor may be a highly distracting experience in this aspect since you get accustomed to a specific reader having unlimited time to read your draft over and over again. In the thesis defence process, your work will probably be reviewed by less patient persons who will be ‘scanning’ or ‘skimming’ your text for key details.

If your individual tables and figures cannot be fit within the same page to facilitate readability, it may be a good idea to break them down into smaller manageable ‘chunks’ to ensure that every page containing your visual materials presentation works as a coherent and self-sufficient element of your overall thesis.

5. Avoid Repetitions and Redundancies

Finally, you need to understand why you are using specific tables and figures in the first place. While this may sound counter-intuitive, many students simply paste their visuals into their dissertation body while also discussing all their contents in the accompanying text. This approach creates unnecessary repetitions that wear down your readers’ attention. Unfortunately, this also means that they can miss some important parts of your discussion later on.

The best way to avoid this problem is to use your tables and figures as descriptive materials. At the same time, the accompanying text should focus on the critical discussion of your findings in the light of earlier studies. This way, you will avoid being descriptive in presenting your results while also reserving the valuable word count for comparing and contrasting them to the wider body of academic literature in your field of study.

Our Top 5 Viva Tips for Succeeding in Your PhD

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PhD thesis writing is a long road at the end of which you will have to enter for a viva examination. Just like every PhD thesis, every viva is different, depending on the requirements of your university and examination panel. Still, you need to prepare academically and mentally to make a good impression and pass your viva examination. Here, we provide the top five tips for succeeding in your PhD viva.

1. Know your thesis

To pass your PhD viva, you need to get a good understanding of what you have written in your thesis, so re-visiting and re-reading your work from cover to cover is a good way to refresh your memory and take a look at your thesis more critically. Re-reading is also an opportunity to make sure the format and content of your thesis meet the requirements and it is good to be presented to the examination panel. We would recommend you to take notes explaining the most significant parts of the thesis, such as its methodological design, aims and objectives, and key findings.

2. Plan your defence

Your defence line also plays a crucial role in the success of the PhD viva. Plan in advance what aspects of your study you will defend during the examination. In most cases, the central point of any PhD thesis is its originality and contribution to knowledge and practice. Hence, be prepared to explain why your thesis is original and how it contributes to knowledge to your examiners. Still, since no research project is perfect, it would be good to show that you have considered how you could improve your project were you to carry it out once more.

3. Keep your expectations realistic

Planning towards the viva exam is a good way to anticipate potential challenges you might face during the exam and minimise the risk of their occurrence. In most cases, the viva exam takes from an hour to three hours or even more. Hence, you must plan the steps you will take before and during the viva. Make sure you eat and sleep well the day before the exam and avoid any situations that might add to your stress level. Take a bottle of water, a pen, and a notebook in with you to make sure you have everything you need while defending your thesis.

4. Focus on your contribution to knowledge

Although the examiners will focus on various aspects of your PhD thesis, their attention will mainly be drawn to its contribution to knowledge, since it is what makes your thesis doctoral-level after all. Make sure you fully understand how your study contributes to the knowledge and practice and you can express and explain it concisely and clearly. Think about what makes your work different and unique. Remember about the notes we have previously mentioned as they can make your life much easier during the viva examination.

5. Feel positive

Finally yet importantly, try to enjoy your viva, though we perfectly understand that it can make you nervous. Sure, your examiners are likely to be the ideal professionals in the field of your interest but they are only humans after all. You could start with an icebreaker by introducing the examiners to your work and its key findings to calm down your nerves. Remember that the examiners are on your side and they want to see you do well.

The viva examination is a chance for you to discuss your thesis with experts and demonstrate your knowledge and contribution to the selected field of research. Approaching the viva as an opportunity rather than a challenge would help you successfully defend your PhD.

5 Well-Being Challenges Faced by PhD Students

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PhD thesis writing is a daunting and lengthy process, during which students are likely to encounter some problems that might affect their emotional, physical, or mental well-being. In this article, we have a look at some of the biggest challenges that PhD students face. Potential solutions to these issues are also presented.

1. Mental health issues

PhD students have to cope with considerable pressure posed by looming deadlines and a huge amount of personal investment. Because of considerable stress created by these challenges, PhD students are reported to have high levels of mental health issues, including depression, the feeling of isolation, insomnia, anxiety, and eating disorders. For this reason, decompression through meditation, communication with peers, arts, reading, or anything else is one of the most effective ways of how PhD students can maintain their mental well-being.

piggy bank

2. Funding

Since PhD takes at least three years, many students rely on external funding, which can become a source of concern. For example, the bank could reduce funding while still in the middle of the PhD programme, adding to a student’s stress level and increasing the risk of mental disorder. In this situation, approaching supervisors for advice is probably the best option you can take to find a solution. Still, having some financial resources on your bank account tied over in case of emergency would buy you some time to secure new funding.

3. Conflict with the supervisor

Finding a good supervisor is another challenge that many PhD students face when writing their theses. The point is that supervisors may not be properly engaged and involved in your study, resulting in poor support and participation. They can be frequently unavailable because of other research commitments or just because they don’t feel like you need their help. Some supervisors tend to be extremely bossy while ignoring their mentoring role, which could lead to serious disagreements. Moreover, if you have two or more supervisors, their feedback on the direction of your thesis could be conflicting. To deal with this situation, you could try to meet your supervisors more frequently or ask them to take a step back.

time management

4. Time management

Since writing a PhD thesis is a complex process that involves multiple tasks, there is always something to do to make your study closer to completion. That is why every academic, let alone a PhD student, must learn when to take advantage of new learning opportunities and when to say ‘no’ to an extra task. Moreover, many PhD students have plenty of commitments and responsibilities besides their PhD thesis, making it more challenging for them to allocate enough time in their day to fulfil the required tasks. Procrastination is another reason why some students experience certain issues with their time management. To deal with these issues, ‘outsourcing’ tasks to PhD writing services could be a good idea.

5. Work-life balance

This challenge is closely linked to the challenge of time management since a student’s inability to complete their tasks in time often leads to working late, leaving less time for family, friends, and hobbies. Again, using PhD services could reduce the negative impact of an incredibly lop-sided schedule on students and help them enjoy a healthy social life instead of working on their PhD thesis every evening or weekend. In the end, feeling happy and enjoying writing your PhD is key to success so it should be valued.

The challenges above could significantly affect the quality of your work and hamper the successful completion of your PhD thesis. Luckily, they are nothing out of ordinary and, hence, they could be easily dealt with to provide you with some comfort and motivation.

8 Tips for Structuring Your Relationship with Your Supervisor

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The relationship between a PhD student and a supervisor plays a crucial role in the doctoral studies process. A good relationship with supervisors provide students with much-needed support through the struggles of research, whereas a poorly developed relationship can result in the supervisor being overly controlling or totally uninvolved. Here are some useful tips on how to structure your relationship with the supervisor and make the most out of it.

1. Meet your potential supervisor before you begin a PhD

If you want your PhD thesis writing to be effective and successful, you need to select a supervisor who is an expert in their field. Before accepting a PhD programme, make sure to meet with your potential supervisor face to face to identify whether they seem interested in your project and open to new ideas. If not, switching to another supervisor would be a good idea.

relationship_with_supervisor

2. Establish expectations and ground rules

Although your rapport with the supervisor is important to the success of your PhD, supervision is still a formal process, meaning establishing expectations and ground rules should be considered in the first place. For example, if you expect a lot of guidance, you should let your supervisor know this and develop a supervision plan considering your expectations, as well as the supervisor’s working style and personality.

3. Early engagement

You should engage your supervisor in your PhD project as early as possible to make sure they provide all the help they can from the very beginning. Some supervisors may not insist on early meetings during the planning stages of your study, so it is your job to do! The earlier your supervisor will be involved in the planning process, the more relevant recommendations they can provide on your research aim and objectives, literature review, and methodology.

4. Regular communication

Delivering a complete dissertation chapter to your supervisor and being told to almost or completely rewrite it because of the flawed premise is disheartening. To avoid such situations, you should get into a habit of communicating with your supervisor as frequently as possible to discuss how your thesis is going to develop and get some valuable assistance from them.

5. Disagreement is not a bad thing

Disagreement is a natural aspect of academia since you and your supervisor are likely to have different views on certain research aspects. Moreover, most supervisors disagree with at least some points made by their students to further develop their critical thinking skills. You should not be afraid of arguing with your supervisor if you believe your arguments are strong.

6. Supervisors are busy

Supervisors may not be available when you need them because they have multiple responsibilities and other students to supervise. Schedule your meetings with the supervisor in advance and come prepared with ideas, requests, and questions. And don’t panic if the supervisor does not reply to your email immediately.

7. Honesty is key

Writing a PhD thesis is challenging and sometimes this process could be hampered by various factors. Be upfront and don’t be afraid to tell your supervisor about the aspects of your personal life that may influence your work. Your supervisor is most likely to support you and together you will be able to find the most effective way to deal with these issues.

8. Switching the supervisor is a last resort

Despite all your planning and communication, the relationship with your supervisor might still be detrimental to your PhD project. In this case, you have every right to ask the university for another supervisor. Contacting PhD writing services could also be a solution since most of them provide professional tutoring services, supervision and PhD proofreading assistance to make sure your doctoral project is on track.

5 Best Online Services for Keeping Track of Your References

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Both regular students and professional writers providing phd writing services have to manage hundreds of references during the thesis writing process. Manually keeping track of all these sources can be extremely tiresome and ineffective. Below, you will find the 5 best online services that will optimise your reference management and will boost your productivity as a result.

1. Mendeley

This award-winning software product is one of the most popular choices in the academic domain due to its freemium business model and good brand recognition. There are multiple versions of the product including the recently added Mendeley Reference Manager and Mendeley Cite that are fully compatible with Microsoft Office as well as mobile apps for all platforms, which provides a seamless research experience.

ProsCons
– Freemium model
– Easy to use
– Good integration with all platforms
– Servers are not always stable
– Information from websites is not always extracted properly

2. EasyBib

EasyBib is another freemium product that allows you to create citations for your PhD or scan your paper for grammar errors and plagiarism using embedded tools. The basic referencing and citation-saving functionality is embedded in the basic version that is sufficient for most students.

ProsCons
– Freemium model
– Intuitive interface
– Good integration with popular browsers
– Free version shows you distracting ads and videos

3. EndNote

EndNote is another powerful alternative to Mendeley that can be used for free by postgraduate students using their university credentials. It has a number of powerful features including embedded search tools for PubMed and other specialised databases as well as full integration with Microsoft Office. One of the unique elements of this software is its capability to export citations in multiple formats and to support the access of up to 14 platform users to the same citation list via cloud functionality, which is invaluable for group projects and writing co-authored PhD research papers.

ProsCons
– Free for university students
– Good synchronisation across multiple platforms
– Compatible with all popular browsers and text editing software
– Non-online desktop versions are rather expensive even with student discounts
– All future updates are also paid
– The learning curve is quite steep due to the complex software interface

4. Zotero

Zotero is another long-term player in the citation software market dating back to 2006. Right from its start, it has been 100% free and open-source. At the same time, it offers substantial functionality to be used for making high-quality bibliographies, which makes it a popular choice among both new researchers and their more experienced colleagues.

ProsCons
– 100% free
– A wide variety of import and export formats
– Supports more than 30 languages and had a well-developed online community
– No ‘official’ customer support
– Offers no embedded PDF editing tools
– Has no native mobile apps

5. RefWorks

With 20+ years of commercial success to date, RefWorks may represent the oldest and most powerful product of the five offerings analysed in this list. It is extremely easy to use and is fully cloud-based. However, it lacks some features present in its digital-native competitors such as official mobile apps.

ProsCons
– Has access to many quality databases
– Excellent support
– Easy-to-use interface
– Costs from $70 per year – No specialised mobile apps – May be unstable at times

Many clients ask our professional writers whether they should use any specific software for their thesis writing. While the aforementioned pros and cons may determine your short-term choices due to your operating costs preferences or desired product features, it is generally a matter of love and hate. Some of our experts successfully providing phd thesis writing services for years praise by RefWorks while others enjoy the features of its digital-native competitors. If you have the time, we would advise you to install several products as trial versions and work with each of them for 1-2 days. This will allow you to select the best tool for your specific preferences, which will pay off in the future over the course of your PhD project.

8 Key Points to Remember When Interpreting Data in a PhD Thesis

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Quality data analysis forms the basis of any PhD thesis and determines the capability of the researcher to address the posed research objectives and questions. Unfortunately, many students fail to succeed in becoming a PhD due to some common mistakes in this sphere. Below, you will find 8 key points to keep in mind when interpreting data in a PhD thesis.

Interpreting Data in a PhD Thesis

1. Data Collection Design Is Crucial

Even the best data interpretation method cannot address the problems of missing, inaccurate or biased data in PhD thesis writing. If you are planning to work with statistical tools, make sure that you have a sufficient sample size, validate your data sets, and run some basic significance tests such as Cronbach’s alpha.

data analysis

2. Select the Right Instruments

Even experienced students are prone to methodological mistakes such as the use of the Mann-Whitney test for comparing dependent data or building linear regressions of mean values. If possible, consult with your tutor or a reliable PhD services agency to ensure that you are using the right tools for the job.

3. Prepare Your Data in Advance

Many researchers make the mistake of not revising their numeric datasets or database records prior to conducting statistical analyses. Try to convert all your information into a common format in advance to recognise any existing inconsistencies, missing respondent statements or unusual trends before it is too late to address these issues.

4. Analyse the Work of Your Colleagues

If you are using a popular PhD research design or a widely applied statistical instrument, chances are you can easily find 5-10 published projects with similar methodological choices. Study these examples to gain some interesting ideas or learn about better data interpretation instruments and techniques you may have missed.

5. Question Your Assumptions

If you are working with qualitative data, your interpretations may be prone to various forms of researcher and respondent bias. Approach all your assumptions with caution and never exaggerate your findings or overstate their significance. The same is true for the statements made by your respondents. If you are working with thematic analysis, make sure that you only analyse the ‘quantitative’ factors such as code frequency. Your respondents may be biased or uninformed in some spheres, which is why basing your assumptions on a single interviewee statement is never a good idea.

6. Avoid Unwarranted Claims

Some doctoral dissertation research projects do not produce ground-breaking results and there is nothing you can do to influence their outcomes. If your study confirms the assumptions based on the previous projects in this field, this still does not detract from its significance or novelty. Remember that your responsibility as a researcher is to enlist the facts of your hard work and not make these facts sensational by distorting their objectivity or accuracy.

7. Use Graphical Analysis

Besides the improved readability of your findings, data visualisation allows you to recognise some major problems or unusual trends within your findings. An instantly visible deviation on one of your graphs is much easier to note than several problematic lines within a large table. Most software packages including SPSS and NVivo allow you to build graphs with several clicks of your mouse. Try to produce these visuals after each analysis you perform to promptly identify any possible issues.

8. Have a Backup Plan

Things do not always go as planned. If you encounter data quality problems, sample size issues or other unexpected factors reducing the statistical significance and statistical power of your findings, you may need to return to the data collection stage. Make sure that you always have a contingency plan for any emerging difficulties including personal ones. In some scenarios, it may be better to return to your analysis phase several times to improve its quality than to work with sub-optimal data and suffer the consequences.

Keeping It Short: Key Tips for Being Concise in PhD Writing

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When writing an academic paper, let alone a PhD thesis, being clear and concise is key to success since you are not the only person who will read your work. You should avoid unnecessary words and sentences to help your reader get a better understanding of what you are trying to say in your PhD thesis. Waffling on about your topic would not help in reaching your audience, which could have a strong negative impact on your final mark. In this article, we provide five tips that will help you attain concise, clear, and direct PhD thesis writing.

1. Be aware of long sentences

A useful rule of thumb is that you should not write long sentences because they make it more difficult for the reader to understand your argument. While there is no rule on how long a sentence in a PhD thesis should be, it is helpful to mix shorter sentences and longer ones. Just remember that if your sentence is too long, your points are likely to get lost. Be aware of sentences that use too many clauses, as well as fragments that do not have a subject.

2. Make sure your structure is easy to follow

The structure is what helps you communicate your argument to the reader. When writing a PhD thesis, sticking to the ‘rule of three’ structure would significantly benefit the quality of your writing. This structure implies that each paragraph should have a clear introduction, main body, and conclusion. In the opening sentence, introduce the reader to the subject and focus of your paragraph. The ‘main body’ sentences provide the core argument and set out reasoning, develop implications, or elaborate thematic points. Finally, the concluding sentence pulls the paragraph argument together, adding value to the whole thesis.

3. Avoid redundancies and repetitions

Redundancies occur when you express the same idea twice so make sure you avoid redundant sentences and phrases when writing your PhD thesis. Many phrases in PhD writing are commonplace but in most cases, they are redundant either partially or entirely. Adverbs and adjectives are part of this problem and are often used in the place of evidence, so make sure you get rid of them when writing your PhD thesis as well. Replace as many of these words as you can with data, quotes, quantities, or dates to achieve concise writing.

4. Do not use low-value phrases

Some writers have the temptation to use wordy phrases as a means of making their writing sound more formal. However, experienced PhD writers know that there is no place for low-value phrases in a thesis as they can make sentences sound heavy. You should also avoid unnecessary prepositional phrases, which add a description to a noun by using a preposition.

5. Always proofread and check for errors

You would be surprised how much proofreading can add to the clarity of your writing, making it concise and crisp. Not only proofreading allows for detecting grammatical mistakes and errors. It also helps in finding and dealing with all the issues mentioned above. Are there any sentences that are hard to follow? Are there irrelevant words and repetition? Are these adjectives and adverbs necessary? Draw up a checklist of these issues to make sure you are concise in your writing.

Clear and direct writing is a valuable and necessary skill that every PhD writer should possess to make their argument clear to the reader and stay under word limits imposed by their university. If you do not feel like your concise writing skills are developed enough, you can always get assistance from professional PhD writing services and their experienced writers.

How to Arrange an Effective PhD Writing Routine?

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Thesis writing can be really daunting as doctoral students need to have certain things, including dedication, inspiration, and creativity to accomplish such a challenging task. However, having a writing routine is perhaps the most important thing you must have to become a productive PhD writer.

Since all students are different in how they approach the writing process, there are no hard and fast rules of how to arrange an effective PhD writing routine that would fit all. Luckily, you can always ask for a piece of advice from professional PhD writing services. Their highly experienced writers know exactly how to write a successful PhD thesis. The good news is that you can use their experience in creating your own routine to make the writing process easier and more fun. Here are the top five tips for establishing a successful and solid PhD writing routine.

1. Determine the most effective time of day

First things first. To make sure you can achieve your writing goals, you need to select the most creative and productive time of day. Some students prefer to work in the morning whereas others are more productive at night, so it is up to you to decide on the best period of the day to allocate time to your writing sessions.

2. Set achievable writing objectives

When writing a PhD thesis, it is important to set a daily target and stick to this amount of work. It should be noted, however, that setting achievable goals is key to your sanity and emotional wellbeing. For example, if you set a goal of writing 2,000 words per day but end up producing only around 1,000 words, it is most likely that you will feel bad about it. Try to keep your expectations as realistic as possible to make sure the writing process is fun and engaging.

3. Create a writing space

Creating a dedicated, comfortable writing space is crucial when it comes to establishing a PhD writing routine. This can be anything from a comfortable desk and chair to a full home office. Whatever your writing space is, you must feel comfortable in it and isolated from other people in a good way.

4. Eliminate all the noise

Once you have established your writing time and writing space, it is time to make sure you are not distracted by anything while writing your PhD thesis and achieving your daily writing goals. Put aside your smartphone (or even turn it off) and do not access social media while writing your text. Sometimes it is worth turning off the internet to avoid the temptation to spend some time checking news headlines or watching YouTube videos. Remember that during your most effective time of day, you should concentrate and dedicate your attention exclusively to writing.

5. Avoid writer’s fatigue

Working to exhaustion could be beneficial but only in the short term. Remember that wiring a PhD thesis is a long run so you do not want to find yourself in a situation where you face an impasse and just keep procrastinating. Make frequent breaks while writing, complete a guided meditation, exercise, read books – do whatever it takes to give yourself some rest. Taking a short nap can also eliminate brain fog and provide you with the energy needed to accomplish your daily writing goals.

Once your PhD writing routine is established, you should stick to it, though some changes to your schedule are totally possible and are likely to occur at some point. Thesis writing is not easy by any means but by sticking to your routine, you can become an effective writer and achieve your writing goals.