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Original PhD Blog

Find out the latest industry news from PhD requirements, the top programs, to PhD level study tips.

5 Well-Being Challenges Faced by PhD Students

PhD thesis writing is a daunting and lengthy process, during which students are likely to encounter some problems that might affect their emotional, physical, or mental well-being. In this article, we have a look at some of the biggest challenges that PhD students face. Potential solutions to these issues are also presented. 1. Mental health…

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8 Tips for Structuring Your Relationship with Your Supervisor

The relationship between a PhD student and a supervisor plays a crucial role in the doctoral studies process. A good relationship with supervisors provide students with much-needed support through the struggles of research, whereas a poorly developed relationship can result in the supervisor being overly controlling or totally uninvolved. Here are some useful tips on…

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5 Best Online Services for Keeping Track of Your References

Both regular students and professional writers providing phd writing services have to manage hundreds of references during the thesis writing process. Manually keeping track of all these sources can be extremely tiresome and ineffective. Below, you will find the 5 best online services that will optimise your reference management and will boost your productivity as…

Read More

8 Key Points to Remember When Interpreting Data in a PhD Thesis

Quality data analysis forms the basis of any PhD thesis and determines the capability of the researcher to address the posed research objectives and questions. Unfortunately, many students fail to succeed in becoming a PhD due to some common mistakes in this sphere. Below, you will find 8 key points to keep in mind when…

Read More

Keeping It Short: Key Tips for Being Concise in PhD Writing

When writing an academic paper, let alone a PhD thesis, being clear and concise is key to success since you are not the only person who will read your work. You should avoid unnecessary words and sentences to help your reader get a better understanding of what you are trying to say in your PhD…

Read More

How to Arrange an Effective PhD Writing Routine?

Thesis writing can be really daunting as doctoral students need to have certain things, including dedication, inspiration, and creativity to accomplish such a challenging task. However, having a writing routine is perhaps the most important thing you must have to become a productive PhD writer. Since all students are different in how they approach the…

Read More

Weird PhD Topics

Writing a PhD thesis is the magnum opus of many postgraduate students, the pinnacle of their academic journey and achievement. That is why students cautiously approach topic selection for their thesis, investing a good amount of time and effort in this process. Many students opt for ‘safe’ PhD topics, which do not stand out although…

Read More

6 Biggest Viva Worries: Answered

Apart from PhD thesis writing, the most dreaded task for PhD graduates is to survive the viva. As PhD is quite different from any Bachelors and master’s degree and viva plays an important role in measuring the overall performance of the PhD candidate. Since it is the final hurdle for gaining a PhD, the viva…

Read More

How to Choose the Right PhD Program for You?

The choice of a PhD programme is both an important step in your academic career and the best opportunity to learn more about the subject of your interest. Unfortunately, many students underestimate the seriousness of this step and find themselves frustrated later on. Our PhD writing editors have provided some tips on how to choose…

Read More

What Kind of Support Should You Expect From Your PhD Supervisor?

Preparation of a great PhD dissertation depends a lot upon quality of interaction between a PhD student and the supervisor. Supervision on PhD coursework and thesis writing plays a pivotal role in a PhD student’s life. But what exactly a student should expect in terms of supervision? Or what’s are the elements that lie (or…

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5 Well-Being Challenges Faced by PhD Students

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PhD thesis writing is a daunting and lengthy process, during which students are likely to encounter some problems that might affect their emotional, physical, or mental well-being. In this article, we have a look at some of the biggest challenges that PhD students face. Potential solutions to these issues are also presented.

1. Mental health issues

PhD students have to cope with considerable pressure posed by looming deadlines and a huge amount of personal investment. Because of considerable stress created by these challenges, PhD students are reported to have high levels of mental health issues, including depression, the feeling of isolation, insomnia, anxiety, and eating disorders. For this reason, decompression through meditation, communication with peers, arts, reading, or anything else is one of the most effective ways of how PhD students can maintain their mental well-being.

piggy bank

2. Funding

Since PhD takes at least three years, many students rely on external funding, which can become a source of concern. For example, the bank could reduce funding while still in the middle of the PhD programme, adding to a student’s stress level and increasing the risk of mental disorder. In this situation, approaching supervisors for advice is probably the best option you can take to find a solution. Still, having some financial resources on your bank account tied over in case of emergency would buy you some time to secure new funding.

3. Conflict with the supervisor

Finding a good supervisor is another challenge that many PhD students face when writing their theses. The point is that supervisors may not be properly engaged and involved in your study, resulting in poor support and participation. They can be frequently unavailable because of other research commitments or just because they don’t feel like you need their help. Some supervisors tend to be extremely bossy while ignoring their mentoring role, which could lead to serious disagreements. Moreover, if you have two or more supervisors, their feedback on the direction of your thesis could be conflicting. To deal with this situation, you could try to meet your supervisors more frequently or ask them to take a step back.

time management

4. Time management

Since writing a PhD thesis is a complex process that involves multiple tasks, there is always something to do to make your study closer to completion. That is why every academic, let alone a PhD student, must learn when to take advantage of new learning opportunities and when to say ‘no’ to an extra task. Moreover, many PhD students have plenty of commitments and responsibilities besides their PhD thesis, making it more challenging for them to allocate enough time in their day to fulfil the required tasks. Procrastination is another reason why some students experience certain issues with their time management. To deal with these issues, ‘outsourcing’ tasks to PhD writing services could be a good idea.

5. Work-life balance

This challenge is closely linked to the challenge of time management since a student’s inability to complete their tasks in time often leads to working late, leaving less time for family, friends, and hobbies. Again, using PhD services could reduce the negative impact of an incredibly lop-sided schedule on students and help them enjoy a healthy social life instead of working on their PhD thesis every evening or weekend. In the end, feeling happy and enjoying writing your PhD is key to success so it should be valued.

The challenges above could significantly affect the quality of your work and hamper the successful completion of your PhD thesis. Luckily, they are nothing out of ordinary and, hence, they could be easily dealt with to provide you with some comfort and motivation.

8 Tips for Structuring Your Relationship with Your Supervisor

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The relationship between a PhD student and a supervisor plays a crucial role in the doctoral studies process. A good relationship with supervisors provide students with much-needed support through the struggles of research, whereas a poorly developed relationship can result in the supervisor being overly controlling or totally uninvolved. Here are some useful tips on how to structure your relationship with the supervisor and make the most out of it.

1. Meet your potential supervisor before you begin a PhD

If you want your PhD thesis writing to be effective and successful, you need to select a supervisor who is an expert in their field. Before accepting a PhD programme, make sure to meet with your potential supervisor face to face to identify whether they seem interested in your project and open to new ideas. If not, switching to another supervisor would be a good idea.

relationship_with_supervisor

2. Establish expectations and ground rules

Although your rapport with the supervisor is important to the success of your PhD, supervision is still a formal process, meaning establishing expectations and ground rules should be considered in the first place. For example, if you expect a lot of guidance, you should let your supervisor know this and develop a supervision plan considering your expectations, as well as the supervisor’s working style and personality.

3. Early engagement

You should engage your supervisor in your PhD project as early as possible to make sure they provide all the help they can from the very beginning. Some supervisors may not insist on early meetings during the planning stages of your study, so it is your job to do! The earlier your supervisor will be involved in the planning process, the more relevant recommendations they can provide on your research aim and objectives, literature review, and methodology.

4. Regular communication

Delivering a complete dissertation chapter to your supervisor and being told to almost or completely rewrite it because of the flawed premise is disheartening. To avoid such situations, you should get into a habit of communicating with your supervisor as frequently as possible to discuss how your thesis is going to develop and get some valuable assistance from them.

5. Disagreement is not a bad thing

Disagreement is a natural aspect of academia since you and your supervisor are likely to have different views on certain research aspects. Moreover, most supervisors disagree with at least some points made by their students to further develop their critical thinking skills. You should not be afraid of arguing with your supervisor if you believe your arguments are strong.

6. Supervisors are busy

Supervisors may not be available when you need them because they have multiple responsibilities and other students to supervise. Schedule your meetings with the supervisor in advance and come prepared with ideas, requests, and questions. And don’t panic if the supervisor does not reply to your email immediately.

7. Honesty is key

Writing a PhD thesis is challenging and sometimes this process could be hampered by various factors. Be upfront and don’t be afraid to tell your supervisor about the aspects of your personal life that may influence your work. Your supervisor is most likely to support you and together you will be able to find the most effective way to deal with these issues.

8. Switching the supervisor is a last resort

Despite all your planning and communication, the relationship with your supervisor might still be detrimental to your PhD project. In this case, you have every right to ask the university for another supervisor. Contacting PhD writing services could also be a solution since most of them provide professional tutoring services, supervision and PhD proofreading assistance to make sure your doctoral project is on track.

5 Best Online Services for Keeping Track of Your References

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Both regular students and professional writers providing phd writing services have to manage hundreds of references during the thesis writing process. Manually keeping track of all these sources can be extremely tiresome and ineffective. Below, you will find the 5 best online services that will optimise your reference management and will boost your productivity as a result.

1. Mendeley

This award-winning software product is one of the most popular choices in the academic domain due to its freemium business model and good brand recognition. There are multiple versions of the product including the recently added Mendeley Reference Manager and Mendeley Cite that are fully compatible with Microsoft Office as well as mobile apps for all platforms, which provides a seamless research experience.

ProsCons
– Freemium model
– Easy to use
– Good integration with all platforms
– Servers are not always stable
– Information from websites is not always extracted properly

2. EasyBib

EasyBib is another freemium product that allows you to create citations for your PhD or scan your paper for grammar errors and plagiarism using embedded tools. The basic referencing and citation-saving functionality is embedded in the basic version that is sufficient for most students.

ProsCons
– Freemium model
– Intuitive interface
– Good integration with popular browsers
– Free version shows you distracting ads and videos

3. EndNote

EndNote is another powerful alternative to Mendeley that can be used for free by postgraduate students using their university credentials. It has a number of powerful features including embedded search tools for PubMed and other specialised databases as well as full integration with Microsoft Office. One of the unique elements of this software is its capability to export citations in multiple formats and to support the access of up to 14 platform users to the same citation list via cloud functionality, which is invaluable for group projects and writing co-authored PhD research papers.

ProsCons
– Free for university students
– Good synchronisation across multiple platforms
– Compatible with all popular browsers and text editing software
– Non-online desktop versions are rather expensive even with student discounts
– All future updates are also paid
– The learning curve is quite steep due to the complex software interface

4. Zotero

Zotero is another long-term player in the citation software market dating back to 2006. Right from its start, it has been 100% free and open-source. At the same time, it offers substantial functionality to be used for making high-quality bibliographies, which makes it a popular choice among both new researchers and their more experienced colleagues.

ProsCons
– 100% free
– A wide variety of import and export formats
– Supports more than 30 languages and had a well-developed online community
– No ‘official’ customer support
– Offers no embedded PDF editing tools
– Has no native mobile apps

5. RefWorks

With 20+ years of commercial success to date, RefWorks may represent the oldest and most powerful product of the five offerings analysed in this list. It is extremely easy to use and is fully cloud-based. However, it lacks some features present in its digital-native competitors such as official mobile apps.

ProsCons
– Has access to many quality databases
– Excellent support
– Easy-to-use interface
– Costs from $70 per year – No specialised mobile apps – May be unstable at times

Many clients ask our professional writers whether they should use any specific software for their thesis writing. While the aforementioned pros and cons may determine your short-term choices due to your operating costs preferences or desired product features, it is generally a matter of love and hate. Some of our experts successfully providing phd thesis writing services for years praise by RefWorks while others enjoy the features of its digital-native competitors. If you have the time, we would advise you to install several products as trial versions and work with each of them for 1-2 days. This will allow you to select the best tool for your specific preferences, which will pay off in the future over the course of your PhD project.

8 Key Points to Remember When Interpreting Data in a PhD Thesis

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Quality data analysis forms the basis of any PhD thesis and determines the capability of the researcher to address the posed research objectives and questions. Unfortunately, many students fail to succeed in becoming a PhD due to some common mistakes in this sphere. Below, you will find 8 key points to keep in mind when interpreting data in a PhD thesis.

Interpreting Data in a PhD Thesis

1. Data Collection Design Is Crucial

Even the best data interpretation method cannot address the problems of missing, inaccurate or biased data in PhD thesis writing. If you are planning to work with statistical tools, make sure that you have a sufficient sample size, validate your data sets, and run some basic significance tests such as Cronbach’s alpha.

data analysis

2. Select the Right Instruments

Even experienced students are prone to methodological mistakes such as the use of the Mann-Whitney test for comparing dependent data or building linear regressions of mean values. If possible, consult with your tutor or a reliable PhD services agency to ensure that you are using the right tools for the job.

3. Prepare Your Data in Advance

Many researchers make the mistake of not revising their numeric datasets or database records prior to conducting statistical analyses. Try to convert all your information into a common format in advance to recognise any existing inconsistencies, missing respondent statements or unusual trends before it is too late to address these issues.

4. Analyse the Work of Your Colleagues

If you are using a popular PhD research design or a widely applied statistical instrument, chances are you can easily find 5-10 published projects with similar methodological choices. Study these examples to gain some interesting ideas or learn about better data interpretation instruments and techniques you may have missed.

5. Question Your Assumptions

If you are working with qualitative data, your interpretations may be prone to various forms of researcher and respondent bias. Approach all your assumptions with caution and never exaggerate your findings or overstate their significance. The same is true for the statements made by your respondents. If you are working with thematic analysis, make sure that you only analyse the ‘quantitative’ factors such as code frequency. Your respondents may be biased or uninformed in some spheres, which is why basing your assumptions on a single interviewee statement is never a good idea.

6. Avoid Unwarranted Claims

Some doctoral dissertation research projects do not produce ground-breaking results and there is nothing you can do to influence their outcomes. If your study confirms the assumptions based on the previous projects in this field, this still does not detract from its significance or novelty. Remember that your responsibility as a researcher is to enlist the facts of your hard work and not make these facts sensational by distorting their objectivity or accuracy.

7. Use Graphical Analysis

Besides the improved readability of your findings, data visualisation allows you to recognise some major problems or unusual trends within your findings. An instantly visible deviation on one of your graphs is much easier to note than several problematic lines within a large table. Most software packages including SPSS and NVivo allow you to build graphs with several clicks of your mouse. Try to produce these visuals after each analysis you perform to promptly identify any possible issues.

8. Have a Backup Plan

Things do not always go as planned. If you encounter data quality problems, sample size issues or other unexpected factors reducing the statistical significance and statistical power of your findings, you may need to return to the data collection stage. Make sure that you always have a contingency plan for any emerging difficulties including personal ones. In some scenarios, it may be better to return to your analysis phase several times to improve its quality than to work with sub-optimal data and suffer the consequences.

Keeping It Short: Key Tips for Being Concise in PhD Writing

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When writing an academic paper, let alone a PhD thesis, being clear and concise is key to success since you are not the only person who will read your work. You should avoid unnecessary words and sentences to help your reader get a better understanding of what you are trying to say in your PhD thesis. Waffling on about your topic would not help in reaching your audience, which could have a strong negative impact on your final mark. In this article, we provide five tips that will help you attain concise, clear, and direct PhD thesis writing.

1. Be aware of long sentences

A useful rule of thumb is that you should not write long sentences because they make it more difficult for the reader to understand your argument. While there is no rule on how long a sentence in a PhD thesis should be, it is helpful to mix shorter sentences and longer ones. Just remember that if your sentence is too long, your points are likely to get lost. Be aware of sentences that use too many clauses, as well as fragments that do not have a subject.

2. Make sure your structure is easy to follow

The structure is what helps you communicate your argument to the reader. When writing a PhD thesis, sticking to the ‘rule of three’ structure would significantly benefit the quality of your writing. This structure implies that each paragraph should have a clear introduction, main body, and conclusion. In the opening sentence, introduce the reader to the subject and focus of your paragraph. The ‘main body’ sentences provide the core argument and set out reasoning, develop implications, or elaborate thematic points. Finally, the concluding sentence pulls the paragraph argument together, adding value to the whole thesis.

3. Avoid redundancies and repetitions

Redundancies occur when you express the same idea twice so make sure you avoid redundant sentences and phrases when writing your PhD thesis. Many phrases in PhD writing are commonplace but in most cases, they are redundant either partially or entirely. Adverbs and adjectives are part of this problem and are often used in the place of evidence, so make sure you get rid of them when writing your PhD thesis as well. Replace as many of these words as you can with data, quotes, quantities, or dates to achieve concise writing.

4. Do not use low-value phrases

Some writers have the temptation to use wordy phrases as a means of making their writing sound more formal. However, experienced PhD writers know that there is no place for low-value phrases in a thesis as they can make sentences sound heavy. You should also avoid unnecessary prepositional phrases, which add a description to a noun by using a preposition.

5. Always proofread and check for errors

You would be surprised how much proofreading can add to the clarity of your writing, making it concise and crisp. Not only proofreading allows for detecting grammatical mistakes and errors. It also helps in finding and dealing with all the issues mentioned above. Are there any sentences that are hard to follow? Are there irrelevant words and repetition? Are these adjectives and adverbs necessary? Draw up a checklist of these issues to make sure you are concise in your writing.

Clear and direct writing is a valuable and necessary skill that every PhD writer should possess to make their argument clear to the reader and stay under word limits imposed by their university. If you do not feel like your concise writing skills are developed enough, you can always get assistance from professional PhD writing services and their experienced writers.

How to Arrange an Effective PhD Writing Routine?

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Thesis writing can be really daunting as doctoral students need to have certain things, including dedication, inspiration, and creativity to accomplish such a challenging task. However, having a writing routine is perhaps the most important thing you must have to become a productive PhD writer.

Since all students are different in how they approach the writing process, there are no hard and fast rules of how to arrange an effective PhD writing routine that would fit all. Luckily, you can always ask for a piece of advice from professional PhD writing services. Their highly experienced writers know exactly how to write a successful PhD thesis. The good news is that you can use their experience in creating your own routine to make the writing process easier and more fun. Here are the top five tips for establishing a successful and solid PhD writing routine.

1. Determine the most effective time of day

First things first. To make sure you can achieve your writing goals, you need to select the most creative and productive time of day. Some students prefer to work in the morning whereas others are more productive at night, so it is up to you to decide on the best period of the day to allocate time to your writing sessions.

2. Set achievable writing objectives

When writing a PhD thesis, it is important to set a daily target and stick to this amount of work. It should be noted, however, that setting achievable goals is key to your sanity and emotional wellbeing. For example, if you set a goal of writing 2,000 words per day but end up producing only around 1,000 words, it is most likely that you will feel bad about it. Try to keep your expectations as realistic as possible to make sure the writing process is fun and engaging.

3. Create a writing space

Creating a dedicated, comfortable writing space is crucial when it comes to establishing a PhD writing routine. This can be anything from a comfortable desk and chair to a full home office. Whatever your writing space is, you must feel comfortable in it and isolated from other people in a good way.

4. Eliminate all the noise

Once you have established your writing time and writing space, it is time to make sure you are not distracted by anything while writing your PhD thesis and achieving your daily writing goals. Put aside your smartphone (or even turn it off) and do not access social media while writing your text. Sometimes it is worth turning off the internet to avoid the temptation to spend some time checking news headlines or watching YouTube videos. Remember that during your most effective time of day, you should concentrate and dedicate your attention exclusively to writing.

5. Avoid writer’s fatigue

Working to exhaustion could be beneficial but only in the short term. Remember that wiring a PhD thesis is a long run so you do not want to find yourself in a situation where you face an impasse and just keep procrastinating. Make frequent breaks while writing, complete a guided meditation, exercise, read books – do whatever it takes to give yourself some rest. Taking a short nap can also eliminate brain fog and provide you with the energy needed to accomplish your daily writing goals.

Once your PhD writing routine is established, you should stick to it, though some changes to your schedule are totally possible and are likely to occur at some point. Thesis writing is not easy by any means but by sticking to your routine, you can become an effective writer and achieve your writing goals.

Weird PhD Topics

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Writing a PhD thesis is the magnum opus of many postgraduate students, the pinnacle of their academic journey and achievement. That is why students cautiously approach topic selection for their thesis, investing a good amount of time and effort in this process. Many students opt for ‘safe’ PhD topics, which do not stand out although their contribution to the existing body of knowledge is undeniable. Luckily, the world of academic research is much more unusual than one can assume, which sometimes results in the selection of strange subject matters by students. In this article, we are looking at some of the weirdest PhD topics that will blow your mind.

1. Is wet underwear comfortable?

Many of us know that children are not comfortable with wet underwear so adults are likely to feel the same discomfort. Still, the reason behind this feeling was undiscovered until the date the journal Ergonomics published a PhD thesis, in which the authors assessed the relationship between wet underwear and thermal comfort in the cold. Eight men agreed to participate in the study and they had to wear wet underwear for 60 minutes at 10 degrees Celsius. All for science! Obviously, it was found that wearing wet underwear caused a significant cooling effect on the participants’ thermoregulatory responses.

2. Does listening to country music provoke suicidal thoughts?

Do you love country music as much as we do? If yes, we have bad news for you! In 1992, two students of Wayne State University and Auburn University attempted to link country music to metropolitan suicide rates. The researchers assumed that country music could nurture a suicidal mood by concerning problems, which were common in the suicidal population, including alcohol abuse and marital discord. You would be surprised but the students managed to establish a strong link between the number of country songs on the radio and suicide rates. With this information in mind, listening to ‘Guitars, Cadillacs’ on repeat might not sound a good idea anymore.

3. Jesus Potter Harry Christ

In his PhD thesis, Derek Murphy attempted to establish a relationship between J.K. Rowling’s beloved character and, well, Jesus Christ. Although it might sound weird or even shocking, Mr Murphy actually demonstrates, with strong arguments and references to academic literature, that the only real difference between Harry Potter and Jesus Christ is that the latter has traditionally been viewed as a real person in history. An interesting spin on this story is added by the fact that the PhD thesis was actually funded through a crowdfunding platform. As a result, Mr Murphy exceeded his initial funding goal, which has allowed for transforming the thesis into a book that can still be purchased. Bear in mind that the book touches a sensitive topic and, hence, it can be viewed by some readers as an attack on faith and belief so reader discretion is advised.

4. Can birds tell Monet from Picasso?

You will not believe but there is a PhD thesis that assesses the extent to which pigeons appreciate fine art. In 1995, the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behaviour published a PhD thesis, according to which pigeons indeed can tell a work by Picasso from a work by Monet. Not bad for a bird with a brain no bigger than the tip of an index finger.

Although these thesis topics seem weird, they nevertheless push the boundaries of our knowledge of this world. If you are intended to write a PhD thesis on a unique or unusual topic but do not know where to start, you can always get assistance from PhD writing services and get help from senior academics who have graduated from top universities.

6 Biggest Viva Worries: Answered

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Apart from PhD thesis writing, the most dreaded task for PhD graduates is to survive the viva. As PhD is quite different from any Bachelors and master’s degree and viva plays an important role in measuring the overall performance of the PhD candidate. Since it is the final hurdle for gaining a PhD, the viva is often surrounded by horrendous stories based on different experiences. If these stories still haunt you and make you worried about your viva, then relax as we answer all your viva worries in our below post. Apart from answering your worries, our tips will also help you in preparing and performing well on your viva day.

Myth: Viva lasts for about nine hours

Fact: Viva lasts no longer than two hours

While stories of viva lasting for nine hours is common, generally a viva lasts anywhere between one to two hours and does not go over two hours. To make the most out of your time, make sure all your statistics, drawings and equations are in place and you are ready to answer any question based on your research.

Myth: The examiners will break you

Fact: The examiners are only evaluating your knowledge

Students often believe that the examiners will try their very best from refraining students to score better points for their answers. However, like any other examination, the examiner’s job during the viva is to check the student’s subject knowledge. So, be prepared to gather all the knowledge covering your research in different ways. Calmly answer every question asked by the examiner to give a better understanding of your PhD thesis ideas, findings and conclusions.

Myth: Students go blank during the viva

Fact: Tricky questions might confuse you

Although you might forget your answers and get confused during the viva, you will never go blank if you prepare well in advance. Go through different subjects of your PhD dissertation and practise answering predictable questions. Learn to answer different types of questions such as open, closed, applied, probing, specific and general.

Myth: The examiner might misinterpret your answers

Fact: Examiner will give you a chance to defend your work

Examiners often get disappointed when students do not do justice to themselves and come with no strategies to defend their work during the viva. Experts advice to prepare short summaries of important topics of your thesis and make different strategies to present your key findings, arguments, methodology and conclusions. Also, know your strengths and weaknesses beforehand and do not hesitate from accepting your weaknesses.

Myth: You should be over-prepared

Fact: Over-preparing might not help

As viva is an important examination, you might think of spending a longer time to go through your complete dissertation and learn the key points. However, this is not required as you have already spent a lot more time researching your topic and presenting your ideas in the dissertation. You have already completed the groundwork and need to be confident to present your ideas in front of the examiner.

Myth: Viva is like a confrontational contest

Fact: Viva is like any other two-way communication event

Instead of taking viva as an ordeal, consider it as an opportunity to discuss your research with your peers who are specialists in your field. Remain calm and remember that you have presented valuable research. Showcase your skills, make eye contact, use gestures and use clear voice to present your ideas and arguments.

How to Choose the Right PhD Program for You?

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The choice of a PhD programme is both an important step in your academic career and the best opportunity to learn more about the subject of your interest. Unfortunately, many students underestimate the seriousness of this step and find themselves frustrated later on. Our PhD writing editors have provided some tips on how to choose the right PhD programme for you.

1. Choose the Right Area

Imagine choosing an employer for a full-time position where you cannot change the employment terms later or terminate your contract within the following three years. Would you be highly considerate in your choices? Unfortunately, many students do not exhibit the same level of seriousness when they engage in PhD thesis writing that usually requires 40+ hours of work on a weekly basis. You must be 100% certain that your topic of choice will remain as interesting to you in several years as it is now.

2. Take Your Time

As any serious choice in life, finding the best PhD programme may require time and consideration. Taking an academic break after your Masters degree to evaluate your credentials, appraise several university options, and find the best supervisor for your project may actually save you a lot of time and money in the long-term perspective. No one is going to blame you if you choose to work for several years before writing your PhD to get industry experience and find the topic for you are really passionate about. This may be especially important if you seek to pursue a self-funded project or fail to obtain a scholarship for your PhD.

3. Seek Guidance

Do you usually consult your competent friends or hired experts before you make critical decisions such as purchasing an apartment or a vehicle? We would suggest taking a similar approach to your PhD project. If you feel even the slightest hesitation in your programme-related choices, eliminate all the doubts before you start with your PhD thesis. Visit the universities you are considering, talk to several supervisors or seek some PhD writing support. In the words of Sun Tzu, victorious warriors win first and then go to war, while defeated warriors go to war first and then seek to win.

4. Plan the Funding

The availability of a scholarship may be even more critical for choosing a PhD programme than selecting a good supervisor and an effective research topic. Combining full-time work with writing your PhD is next to impossible for most of the students due to substantial workloads associated with dissertation writing. Hence, you need to be 100% certain that the university of your choice provides sufficient scholarship that will allow you to work without distractions and complete your PhD project within the allocated period of time.

The motivation of students entering PhD programmes may vary significantly since the perceived value of a PhD degree differs depending on the professional context and academic career expectations. If you are willing to pursue an industry career, you may find the options involving close collaboration with organisations from this industry more suitable for your global goals. In any case, make sure that you clearly understand all potential hindrances and make fully informed decisions regarding your dissertation.

What Kind of Support Should You Expect From Your PhD Supervisor?

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Preparation of a great PhD dissertation depends a lot upon quality of interaction between a PhD student and the supervisor. Supervision on PhD coursework and thesis writing plays a pivotal role in a PhD student’s life. But what exactly a student should expect in terms of supervision? Or what’s are the elements that lie (or not) in the ambit of supervision? Well, this article clears the air on what kind of support should you expect from your PhD Supervisor.

Expect expert advice

Firstly, you can expect the supervisor to provide you competent and expert advice for on your topic of research, including methodology, sources and particularly during the early phases of PhD thesis writing. For instance, in case you’re opting for a research topic or an approach which has been opted before and is quite common, then they should vigil you regarding it usage. Moreover, suggestions regarding the sources of material, websites to visit for research, providing consultations regarding literature review, among others can be expected from the PhD supervisor.

Expect dedicated one-on-one time

Secondly, a PhD candidate can expect some dedicated one-on-one time for meetings and dialogue with the supervisor on a regular basis. Now, regular is a nebulous term, it can be referred to daily, weekly, or every fortnight, depending upon the prior discussions between the student and the supervisor.

Expect productive feedback

Thirdly, a PhD student should expect a consistent and regular feedback from the supervisor on the developments of the PhD thesis writing. Though the feedback should be expected in the form of grading system, but it should be more formative, in case the student has reached an impasse in the research. Few universities and colleges have a handbook for research degree encompassing the feedback norms and commitments depending upon the subject, project and universities. Thus, consulting the handbook may unravel the depth of assistance and feedback a supervisor should be delivering to a PhD student. Besides that, the feedback regime is vital during the early stages of the research to ensure that the PhD student is on the right trajectory.

Expect to be the first line of contact

Fourthly, you can expect your supervisor to be mediation and representation hub of the University for you. A supervisor will act as a point of contact in terms of your engagement with the University. Having said that, they will be responsible for things including your direction on writing the PhD thesis, your specialized development, monitoring your growth, and even observing your behavior regarding the ethical guidelines of the university. Hence, they will be your first line of contact in case any issues or developments regarding the course happens. You can expect atleast a rudimentary form of support in case of concerns.

Limitations to supervision

Having said that, there are certain practices you should not expect from a PhD supervisor. Your supervisor is a point of contact that helps you regarding your research and you need to comprehend the difference between help and teach. Moreover, you should not expect your supervisor to be authoritative regarding your PhD research like a teacher but you should be responsible on your own regarding meetings, progress and seeking inputs, among others.