Original PhD Blog
Find out the latest industry news from PhD requirements, the top programs in the UK, to PhD level study tips.
Choosing the right topic is an extremely important aspect of PhD thesis writing. This is because selecting the right topic means that you are able to obtain relevant results. But many students choose to select PhD topics that are not part of the mainstream. Such unique topics can also lead to an interesting research study.…Read More
A PhD proposal, along with choosing the right topic is the first step towards completing your thesis. These proposals encompass an outline of the research that you will be conducting in the future. Further, a PhD proposal allows others to understand the true meaning of your research and whether it is justified. A compelling proposal…Read More
Successfully completing a PhD requires unparalleled time, energy, and even money. Earning a PhD degree entails a candidate to put a comprehensively researched, theoretically profound and explicitly detailed thesis in front of a Universities’ PhD committee. Thus, the idea of putting forward a weak PhD thesis can be a daunting thought. Writing a PhD thesis…Read More
The introduction chapter is one of the most important parts of your thesis after choosing the right topic. This is because this chapter creates a base for you to build upon. Further, this chapter introduces the topic to the readers in a manner that they are able to get an idea of what is to…Read More
PhD dissertation projects require an abstract by default. This brief section summarises the key ideas and findings of your study. Frequently, it is also the only part of it read by other academic practitioners. The key problem with PhD abstracts is the need to condense hundreds of pages in one or two paragraphs of text.…Read More
While coursework requirements differ between UK universities, most of them view it as a compulsory element of developing your PhD thesis. More importantly, you are expected to pass compulsory comprehensive exams after completing the first year to demonstrate the knowledge of the subjects taught during the course. The following recommendations will allow you to maximise…Read More
A PhD status is a prerequisite for making an academic career. However, PhD thesis writing is a tiresome activity taking several years to complete. While many students discard their dreams or seek PhD proposal help, there exists another path allowing you to get the best of both worlds. Here are the tips on getting a…Read More
What is a PhD in the UK? The Doctorate of Philosophy, or the PhD, is considered to be the highest level of degree or course a student can attain by simply conducting new and meaningful research and making contribution in the field of their choice. In the UK, the tenure to complete a PhD program…Read More
Attracting funds for your PhD degree can sometimes prove more difficult than actually writing the PhD thesis, at least for some students in the UK. Essentially, the funding for a PhD, which can include fees and living expenses, can be generated from a variety of sources, What options are there? Sources of funding include UK…Read More
An essay is a reflective assignment allowing students to demonstrate their own standpoint regarding some broad theoretical debate. Traditional essays and application essays are presently required by many PhD courses ranging from creative writing to doctoral theses in medicine. However, many students are not fully aware of the differences between the Bachelor or Master’s standard…Read More
Choosing the right topic is an extremely important aspect of PhD thesis writing. This is because selecting the right topic means that you are able to obtain relevant results. But many students choose to select PhD topics that are not part of the mainstream. Such unique topics can also lead to an interesting research study. So, here are 10 unique and interesting PhD topics:
1. The role of teachers’ irrational behaviour in students’ lives
This is a unique topic that entails the habits of teachers and how they can influence the lives of their students.
2. The importance of homework in developing an individual’s personality
Homework has been associated with improving learning and writing abilities. But does it have a positive impact on a person’s overall personality? This topic focuses on conducting a practical analysis.
3. To what extent does a positive attitude matter in life?
This is another unique topic. Time and again, we are told to have a positive outlook towards life. But it is worth researching whether this is actually the case.
4. How to manage the millennial generation?
Millennials are much different compared to the other generation. This topic aims to study how to manage them and keep them happy.
5. Is the newspaper industry being hampered by the digital revolution?
In recent years, the growth of technology has meant that we all are connected to multiple devices. Has this actually had an impact on the newspaper industry, or is it too early to say so? A case study-based analysis explores this topic.
6. Is design an art or a science?
There has been an ongoing debate regarding designing abilities. This research aims to establish whether design is an art or a science.
7. Can racism unite people?
Racism is seen as evil in society. But this research topic explores whether racism can also help us in coming together.
8. Will a cure for AIDS ever be developed?
AIDS is a disease that has impacted the lives of millions of people. This research focuses on whether a cure is likely to be developed.
9. Why are some products more successful than others?
This is another interesting topic that focuses on product development. By comparing the success of products, the reasons behind their success can be identified.
10. The role of gaming in personality development
The gaming industry has been developing at a rapid pace. This topic helps in ascertaining whether gaming is also helping in personality development.
A PhD proposal, along with choosing the right topic is the first step towards completing your thesis. These proposals encompass an outline of the research that you will be conducting in the future. Further, a PhD proposal allows others to understand the true meaning of your research and whether it is justified. A compelling proposal must answer various questions related to the research. Here is a list of the most important features of a high-quality PhD proposal:
It includes clear objectives
One of the most important elements of PhD writing is to develop a convincing proposal. Firstly, you need to build a background related to the topic. This includes providing relevant theories and related information on the topic. Further, your proposal needs to define clear objectives. A high-quality PhD proposal comprises a research question that is relevant to the topic. Furthermore, it also includes a set of aims and objectives that are linked to the research question.
The boundaries of the research are clearly defined
An amorphous proposal will not serve the purpose. Therefore, it is important to set the boundaries of your research. The boundaries should be well-defined, and you also need to justify these boundaries. Additionally, it is also important to be clear in terms of the aspects of the topic which you will be covering. Any lack of clarity in terms of the aspects can render your proposal to be vague and incomplete.
A compelling justification for the research is presented
It is also important to justify your research. The best PhD proposals include a compelling justification for the research to be conducted. A common strategy is to briefly review the prior literature on the topic in order to understand the gaps in research. This will help you in formulating your proposal. Furthermore, another good strategy is to identify the motivation behind your research. Doing this will help you in creating a more compelling proposal.
It is structured in the right manner
A high-quality PhD proposal is structured in the right manner. You need to create links between the chapters so that the reader manages to stay interested in the topic. Further, you also need to make sure that the chapters of your proposal cover all the main elements of your research. You need to include an introduction, a brief review of past studies, a research methodology chapter, and a discussion chapter. Covering all these elements will help you in ensuring that your proposal is accepted.
Successfully completing a PhD requires unparalleled time, energy, and even money. Earning a PhD degree entails a candidate to put a comprehensively researched, theoretically profound and explicitly detailed thesis in front of a Universities’ PhD committee. Thus, the idea of putting forward a weak PhD thesis can be a daunting thought.
Writing a PhD thesis is a difficult procedure, but the benefits are numerous. These include getting lucrative jobs in diverse fields; including professors, researchers and top ranked professionals.
Seeking professional writing help
With so much at stake, some students may seek to outsource their PhD thesis writing to a professional. Although it comes at a cost, it can save PhD students a lot of time and effort. During the 3 – 5 years required for completing a PhD, you would be required to write, re-write and edit up to 150,000 words. Therefore, a PhD thesis writing service may act as an affordable, quicker, and easier option for your paper.
It is important to understand that merely submitting a PhD thesis to the committee is not enough. Thesis writing services provide an opportunity to create an excellent research thesis that stands out from the crowd. A candidate’s academic achievements would have been the deciding factor in getting the student onto the PhD course, but the right guidance and experience from a professional writing service can improve a students performance and success on the PhD course.
Benefits of a PhD writing service
Professional PhD writing services including assisting in writing the entire thesis , or individual sections or chapters, and proofreading and editing. Their team of accomplished researchers will have a speciality in strong writing skills and analytical abilities. The services actually polish your PhD thesis to a near perfection. Even editing and proof reading can be difficult at PhD level, and sometimes you need a fresh pair of eyes to identify mistakes and suggest amendments.
If you’re feeling overwhelmed by the pressure of completing your PhD, don’t be hesitant to seek help. There are a number of benefits that come with using thesis writing services in the UK. This exercise not only assists with both your time and motivation, it can also boost the chances of success due to having a professional, academic writer being your guide.
The introduction chapter is one of the most important parts of your thesis after choosing the right topic. This is because this chapter creates a base for you to build upon. Further, this chapter introduces the topic to the readers in a manner that they are able to get an idea of what is to come. The introduction chapter is also important in terms of justifying your research and formulating your research questions. But not all students are able to write an introduction chapter that is strong and convincing. So, here are a few tips that will help you in writing a strong introduction for your PhD thesis:
Introduce your topic sufficiently
A lot of students make the mistake of not building the background to the topic in an appropriate manner. The best strategy is to begin with information regarding the topic and then build up towards the main statement. This helps the readers in getting a grip on the topic and also allows them to understand the context in which the study is being conducted. Further, if the topic is concentrated on a particular country or region, it is always a good practice to discuss the latest developments in that area. This also helps in providing a better context to the readers.
Describe your rationale
Once you have introduced the topic and built a background, it becomes important to describe the reasons behind undertaking the research. If you are able to provide a compelling rationale, you will be able to engage your readers in a better manner. Further, you should also formulate a set of aims and objectives for your study. These aims and objectives need to be answered by means of your research question. It is advisable to create around 4 to 5 aims and objectives so that your thesis can capture the various elements of the topic.
Justify your research
Another important aspect of the introduction chapter is to justify your research. This can be done by means of understanding the gaps in the existing literature. Furthermore, it is important to state the contribution that your thesis will make to the particular field of study. You could also focus on the existing work and try to understand how you could take those studies one step further. By providing a convincing justification for your research, you are able to grasp the attention of your readers for the next few chapters.
PhD dissertation projects require an abstract by default. This brief section summarises the key ideas and findings of your study. Frequently, it is also the only part of it read by other academic practitioners. The key problem with PhD abstracts is the need to condense hundreds of pages in one or two paragraphs of text. Here are some tips on writing a dissertation abstract at PhD level.
1. Learn the Limits
university may have its own requirements regarding the word count and contents
of your dissertation abstract. In order not to lose precious time, consult with your tutor and study all
available information to make sure that you do not violate any of them.
2. Draft Your Key Findings
Write a brief outline of each section as per your PhD thesis structure. You may use bullet-points for highlighting your primary assumptions, utilised methods, and key findings. Ideally, this should provide you with all the facts required to write your abstract without referring to the dissertation text in the process.
3. Set Clear Priorities
When your word count is limited, you may want to focus on your key findings rather than the theories explored at the literature review level. Preferably, you should also mention your aims and research questions and how they were answered by your analysis results. Try to select 4-5 main points throughout your abstract to not diffuse the attention of your readers.
4. Discuss Your Contribution and Key Limitations
The readers should clearly understand how your PhD thesis contributes to the academic discussion in the field and why it offers a novel view of the selected problems. Additionally, all projects are limited in some aspects by the chosen research methods, available time or cost levels. Your abstract should briefly discuss these issues as well to build realistic expectations about your thesis.
5. Make It Enticing
Your abstract is largely similar to a back cover of a book. On the one hand, it provides a brief summary of its contents. On the other hand, it must convince prospective buyers in a store to purchase your book. Discussing your unique approach and interesting research choices is a good way to entice your abstract readers into reading the whole dissertation.
6. Avoid Repetitions
all unnecessary or repetitive elements from your abstract. Do not repeat its
title or list all earlier identified bullet points facts. Every word should
count to make your abstract powerful in terms of its impact on the readers.
7. Avoid Overstatements and Broad Discussions
Your abstract summarises the results of the research activities performed by you and their relevance for the scientific community at large. Do not mention any facts or ideas that were not discussed in it in detail. Similarly, do not overestimate the significance of your findings to avoid substantiated criticisms from your colleagues.
Writing a quality PhD abstract is not an easy task even for professional academic writers. You need to always keep your reader in mind and make sure that specialists from any discipline can understand your key ideas and findings. If you still struggle with writing a concise and convincing PhD abstract, you can always contact our custom PhD writing service or ask us to edit your existing abstract.
While coursework requirements differ between UK universities, most of them view it as a compulsory element of developing your PhD thesis. More importantly, you are expected to pass compulsory comprehensive exams after completing the first year to demonstrate the knowledge of the subjects taught during the course. The following recommendations will allow you to maximise the effectiveness of your coursework activities to make sure that they contribute to your PhD writing success.
1. Coursework is methodology-grounded
First-year preparations are required to develop proper research skills and methodological awareness necessary to address your future research objectives. When you start addressing your dissertation topic, your supervisor will expect you to be 100% knowledgeable in terms of selecting the optimal data collection and processing tools for your future doctoral dissertation.
2. Coursework is goal-oriented
Most PhD programmes in the UK include both elective and compulsory courses. If you feel that the choices presented to you by your university do not compliment your academic needs, you should discuss this problem with your course supervisor. In doing so, you can assemble the desired ‘coursework portfolio’ offered by other universities or partnering institutions.
3. Coursework is problem-specific
the revision of methodological tools sets the canvas of your future project,
coursework must also increase the depth of your knowledge of your studied
field. Most importantly, you get proper supervision regarding your research
direction, key sources and theories, and all contemporary works that need to be
taken into account to improve your project’s originality.
4. Coursework minimises your compliance risks
Finally, a Doctoral Development Plan gives knowledge about specific ethical practices and formal requirements imposed upon all dissertation projects supervised by the university of your choice. Since your dissertation topic is finalised prior to the coursework, this also allows you to avoid any compliance risks by clarifying all precautions you need to take during the research phase.
The compulsory nature of coursework should not discourage you from completing a PhD. Instead, consider it a unique combination of area-specific doctoral studies and advanced research methods. Often, this approach is not attainable through Bachelor or Masters courses. If you find it difficult to effectively utilise these new opportunities in PhD proposal writing or PhD thesis writing, you can always seek reliable academic writing services to assist you with these tedious tasks.
A PhD status is a prerequisite for making an academic career. However, PhD thesis writing is a tiresome activity taking several years to complete. While many students discard their dreams or seek PhD proposal help, there exists another path allowing you to get the best of both worlds. Here are the tips on getting a PhD degree without writing a PhD thesis.
One Year Programs
Some universities presently offer 1-year doctoral programmes. On the one hand, this format is still unusual in the academic world and you may need to perform an extensive search. On the other hand, this allows you to avoid writing a dissertation or a thesis. This way, you can balance your educational goals with your career.
A number of study fields do not require PhD dissertation writing. For example, you can get a PhD in psychology, international education, law, therapy or nursing without having to complete a thesis or a dissertation.
Thesis or Articles
A limited number of universities including Columbia Southern University and Colorado Technical University presently offer a choice between writing a dissertation project and publishing a series of articles or a research project.
Remote Study or Distance Learning
4. With remote education becoming more popular, many online universities allow you to get a degree without a dissertation. However, you need to choose accredited online schools with globally recognised diplomas if you want your degree to have value and credibility.
Finally, an expert status may confirm your expertise and convince a dissertation committee to grant you the PhD status. Having multiple publications in renowned scientific journals and a published book in your sphere of research may come in handy for explaining that the completion of a PhD dissertation project may not be necessary in your case.
While going the road less travelled may be highly beneficial for selecting a dissertation topic, we would not necessarily advise you to follow the same idea in attaining your PhD degree. Academic world is full of established norms and standards that are difficult to change. Because of that, following experimental paths in this sphere may result in a failure to build a good career.
If you feel that you lack the time and resources to complete a dissertation project all by yourself, you may seek PhD dissertation help from credible companies providing academic writing services. This way, you will get your degree in accordance with the established procedures and avoid the above-mentioned problems.
What is a PhD in the UK?
The Doctorate of Philosophy, or the PhD, is considered to be the highest level of degree or course a student can attain by simply conducting new and meaningful research and making contribution in the field of their choice. In the UK, the tenure to complete a PhD program is around 3 years, which can be extended to a period of 4 years. The students enrolled in a PhD programme work on conducting an independent, authentic, comprehensive and vital research on a specific topic of research. The entire work of a PhD is comprised of a thesis worthy of publication in around 60,000 to 90,000 words depending upon different institutions in the UK; for instance, University of Cambridge has set a word limit of 80,000 words.
In the UK, there are two possibilities to pursue PhD studies:
- A student chooses a topic of research on their own and pursues it independently. This is carried out under the guidance of a supervisor allocated by the University.
- Alternatively, a student is offered an existing project as the PhD research area. This is usually a study which the University is already conducting. This is known as ‘Studentship’.
How to apply?
The application process for PhD in the UK’s Universities is fairly easy and simple. Anyone can apply for a PhD programme in the UK by clearing the minimum requirements for PhD including a successfully completed undergraduate degree with at least upper second class honours degree in Masters. In addition, a test for English language ability is tested through IELTS and a minimum score of 7.0 is required to qualify for PhD in the UK universities. Some universities use the TOFEL and C1 Advanced test results as well.
After the selection of an area of research, a prospective student is required to provide a number of documents while submitting the application. This includes academic transcripts, academic references, personal statement, and research proposal. Moreover, a student will be asked to identify a supervisor to oversee their PhD journey in the respective university.
You, as a student, will have to apply directly to the Universities in the UK. You can apply to multiple programmes and courses, given you’re able to identify supervisors at respective Universities. Notably, the deadlines for scholarships and studentships are varied from 3 – 6 months from the beginning of the course. Importantly, if you’re a foreign student residing in a country outside European Union, European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland, you’ll be requiring the Tier – 4 Visa to pursue the PhD course from UK.
What is the process of completing a PhD in the UK?
The process of completing a PhD in the UK can be split into three sections:
- During the first year, you’ll meet and discuss your research proposal with your designated supervisor and an action plan will be finalized. The most common step will be to develop your literature review, wherein you’ll read, analyse and evaluate existing theoretical and empirical research work to get acquainted with your project and ensure that your research is authentic.
- During the second year, your efforts will be more focused on developing the hypothesis, gathering results, and writing of the thesis chapters. Apart from that, you’ll be highlighting your results at various conferences and seminars, collaborating on different projects, conducting different workshops and presentations regarding your research and getting teaching sessions. In addition, you’ll also be writing various research papers for different academic journals, either independently or in collaboration.
- During the third year, your entire concentration will be focused on writing the thesis chapters. Once your supervisor checks your research and gives the final approval, you’ll submit your thesis workbook before taking an oral viva voce exam of 1 – 3 hours, wherein you’ll be defending your research hypothesis, design and results in front of at least one internal examiner from the University and one external examiner.
How does this differ from other countries?
The UK is a highly popular and sought after country by international students who want to pursue PhD on the back of high quality academic structure and the availability of variety of subjects.
The PhD tenure in UK is relatively more time saving than in the US or any other developed countries. PhD programmes in the UK usually take 3 – 4 years to complete whereas it takes 5 – 6 years to complete a PhD program from a University in the US.
Contrary to the PhD parameters in the US, UK Universities directly focus on the selection of the project work before embarking on the PhD journey whereas in the US, a student is required to apply to a department first and then research and thesis writing evolves in 1 – 2 years. Moreover, in the UK, you can start your research right away with no class requirements. The preliminary assessment for PhD candidates is comprehensive in the UK compared to US and other universities in the world.
In the UK, the universities have laid down firm guidelines for the duration of the PhD programme, irrespective of the individual’s decision whereas, in the US, students have the liberty to complete their dissertation writing in 8 – 10 years, given certain criterion.
On the work life balance front, PhD from the UK is relatively more relaxed compared to the US as Universities in US overwork their students to also focus on teaching and grading responsibilities, apart from the arduous class work. The infrastructural facilities in the UK universities are state-of-the-art, equipped with modern and advanced libraries, high end and cutting edge laboratories, and museums among others. For instance, University of Oxford has established the first museum called the Ashmolean, University of Manchester has established a radio telescope and University of St. Andrews has setup an observatory.
What does your PhD qualification mean?
Completing your PhD in the UK makes you a comprehensively skilled candidate in your area of research. The learning and training during the PhD tenure in the UK makes you a highly habituated rigorous person. Completing a thesis leading to PhD entails that you’ve done an expansive and comprehensive assessment of literature in your area of research, you’re aware of the techniques, questions, results leading to such kind of research findings. Moreover, given the quality of research, it may turn out to be ground-breaking for industries, society or people, which may further open new areas of research to explore.
In a nutshell, completing PhD from UK demonstrates that you’ve gained knowledge tremendously as an independent researcher, who has attained remarkable academic training, and has immaculate command over English. The skills you’ll gain during your journey as a PhD candidate in UK are highly sought after qualities by research organizations, universities, and various think tanks across the world.
What can you do with your PhD qualification after you have finished?
Once you’ve completed your PhD in the UK, you either have an option to stay back in UK and look for work or you move back to your country. Majority of the students who complete their PhD from UK, go on to pursue the post-doctoral research compared to students going directly to research jobs in the US.
In addition, Universities in the UK are known for their high probability of employability and satisfaction for international students. In case, you look to stay in the UK for further work, you’ll be required to get further extension on your Tier 4 Visa under certain norms and restrictions. You can go for the Doctorate Extension Scheme in UK, wherein students who have completed their PhD can get an additional 12 month period to look for work, or even start a business. Apart from the aforementioned, students can also look to upgrade to Tier 2 (General) Visa, which is the primary immigration route for work opportunities in the UK. However, the student will require a Tier 2 licensed employer providing a job opportunity for a period of 5 years. In addition, various requirements must be fulfilled regarding the job including the minimum salary criterion.
There is a Start-up Visa facility as well for students in the UK who display a high degree of entrepreneurial potential and seek to establish a business in the UK. The visa is granted to the student through an endorsement from the respective university for a period of 2 years.
Attracting funds for your PhD degree can sometimes prove more difficult than actually writing the PhD thesis, at least for some students in the UK. Essentially, the funding for a PhD, which can include fees and living expenses, can be generated from a variety of sources,
What options are there?
Sources of funding include UK Research Councils, various charities and funding bodies, overseas governments and even the European Union initiatives. Funding can also be generated from the universities’ own accounts in the form of financial aid. Some students may be funded by their employer and others may take out a loan to finance their PhD. Interestingly, one-third of doctoral degrees are completely self-funded by the students themselves, whereas 21% of the doctoral degrees are funded by the Universities and 15% are funded by the UK Research Councils.
In UK universities, some additional funds are also generated from national Higher Education funding bodies including The Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) for covering the cost of supervising the doctorates.
Alternative options for home and commonwealth students
More recently, the UK have introduced doctoral student loans to ease the pressure of the candidates. It’s important to note that the main sources of public funding for PhD, namely Research Council studentships and doctoral student loans, are not available to the non-European Union students. However, for international students, various forms of scholarships and loans are available. The Commonwealth Scholarship is a flagship scheme built under the aegis of the UK Department for Education (DFE) and Department for International Development (DFID) and supported by a strong alumni network.
The Commonwealth Scholarships include PhD scholarships for students residing in high income countries, students residing in low and middle income countries, and separate split-site scholarships for high income and low and middle income countries. The Newton Fund incorporates two PhD fund schemes including Newton PhD Scholarships and Newton PhD Placements for full time candidates and one year candidates from a select list of countries, respectively. The Saltire Scholarship provides assistance to candidates from Canada, the USA, China, India, and Pakistan. Their financial aid extends up to £4,000 towards the PhD, given that the candidate is pursuing their PhD from Scotland.
Country Specific PhD Funding
Apart from the mentioned corpuses, various country specific PhD funds are also allocated such as:
- Endeavour Postgraduate Scholarships and Australia Day Foundation Trust for Australian candidates
- Canadian Centennial Scholarship Fund for Canadian candidates
- GREAT Scholarships, China-Oxford Scholarship Fund, BAFTA Scholarships, and China Scholarship Council for Chinese candidates
- Hong Kong Jockey Club Scholarships for Hong Kong candidates
- GREAT Scholarships and Felix Scholarships Indian candidates
- Kenneth Lindsay Scholarship Trust and Anglo-Jewish Association Karten Scholarship for Israel candidates
- Ministry of Higher Education Scholarships for Kuwait candidates
- Global Education Program (GEP) for Russian candidates, Marshall Scholarships and Fulbright Postgraduate Awards for US candidates.
Trusts and Organisations
There are also international trusts and organisations that can provide PhD funding. These include:
- The Leverhulme Trust
- The Wellcome Trust
- The British Heart Foundation
- The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
- The Rhodes Trust
- Article 26 of Helena Kennedy Foundation
In addition, various specialist services can be availed to delineate various funding sources in the UK.
An essay is a reflective assignment allowing students to demonstrate their own standpoint regarding some broad theoretical debate. Traditional essays and application essays are presently required by many PhD courses ranging from creative writing to doctoral theses in medicine. However, many students are not fully aware of the differences between the Bachelor or Master’s standard for these assignments and PhD level requirements. Here are some tips on how to write a first-class PhD essay.
1. Follow the Rules
Firstly, you need to understand the requirements and avoid perfectionism. Your primary goal is to fully comply with all applicable standards such as essay length, referencing system, internal structure, and overall focus. Start with writing a general draft in accordance with all applicable guidelines to get acquainted with the requirements. Afterwards, write down the basic facts and develop your line of argument. Remember that perfection comes from multiple revisions rather than a single full-on attempt.
2. Avoid General Discussions
Next, you need to focus on your own argument and avoid any general discussion of popular theories. You may use them for demonstrating various worldviews. Whilst doing so, you must also clearly demonstrate your supported standpoint and criticise contrasting frameworks. This way, you can prove that your personal choices are more suitable than their alternatives.
3. Focus on Data
Thirdly, you should present credible secondary data confirming your theoretical choices. This is the best way to support your argument . Make sure that you carefully select the sources and rely on the materials published by peer-reviewed magazines, official census results, company reports, etc. You can use the same approach to criticise other worldviews and demonstrate their limitations. Try to fully avoid any emotional judgements and focus on statistical data and facts confirming your suggestions.
4. Demonstrate Caution
Finally, you should demonstrate caution. The history of marketing and management thought has demonstrated that most research projects or academic theories have inherent limitations and may be criticised or discarded by later authors. Hence, all concepts and sources used in your essay must be thoroughly appraised in terms of the underlying samples, data collection methods, and barriers to validity and generalisability. A similar approach should be utilised for drawing your own conclusions and outlining the potential limitations of your research approach and findings.
Remember, PhD-level writing is a highly complex activity and only qualified PhD writers are capable of creating first-class essays without multiple drafts and revisions. If you have tight deadlines and experience any doubts regarding your capability to produce high-quality written material, you may want to seek external help to overcome this academic challenge.